What is FISMA Compliance in Access Control?
What used to apply to all agencies within the U.S. federal government has since expanded to include any private sector company that has a contractual relationship with the government. Chances are, your company will likely need to be FISMA compliant.
In other words, FISMA access control compliance used to be directed towards federal agencies But, if you are a private organization doing business with a state player or an institution that uses federal grants or programs, you will still need to run your company security practices for access control as stated in the FISMA physical security compliance provisions.
FISMA Compliance for Federal Agencies and Private Contractors
Let’s say you own a private company that offers video visitation services to imprisoned inmates or commissary services to offenders. It’s hard to imagine the consequences a single mistake in the FISMA compliance implementation can have on the overall facility security. A risk management error made at a critical entry point or a mistake in the security controls made during the FISMA physical security compliance plan can cost you dearly, and even a number of jobs.
Therefore, it’s no wonder that federal agencies want to see measures from the E-Government Act of 2002 being implemented as far and wide the government extends the liability for excellent information security systems.
If you are confused by the multiple letters associated with the FiSMA access control compliance standards, keep this in mind: NIST, or the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology works together with the Office of Management and Budget to provide a checklist to businesses who need to put in place the FISMA physical security compliance system. Despite the rigid general rules, companies do have some leeway during the implementation, only because of varied specializations.
FISMA access control compliance is not an easy task, regardless of the specialized sector that your organization belongs to. Specific rules apply to financial, education or healthcare institutions with federal agency involvement.You must follow through with the strict FISMA compliance framework, making sure that you understand the practical value of all confusing NIST standard abbreviations.
7 Key Processes to Keep in Check for FISMA Access Control Compliance
When you are planning and designing the company access control system, pay attention to what’s the easiest and most affordable way to satisfy multiple standards at once. It’s simple to develop a multifaceted FISMA access control compliance network when you have an advanced web-based software that lets you be compliant from your smartphone. Today’s smartphones can include several multi-factor authentication levels.
But, what specifically does FISMA (Federal Information Security Management Act) compliance relate to?
There are seven main areas where you need to spend more effort if your business scope has a federal level impact. Since the NIST abbreviation letters are very dry and easy to forget, let’s concentrate on the meaning behind them:
- Setting an inventory to identify all interfaces within a system or between a system and other systems or networks, government or non-government. For example, FISMA access control compliance systems based on cloud computing need to get certified to meet standards for cloud storage providers.
- Categorization of information and systems following criteria set according to a range of risk levels. Risk levels can be programmed upfront and from a single point of control or diversified by business needs.
- Selection of appropriate security controls and assurance requirements within an organization, including managers and operational staff. It’s a breeze to set varying authorization levels from a sophisticated Internet-based software.
- Risk assessment to verify the set security controls and establish a security due diligence for the agency and the contractors. System alerts from an electronic access control platform are only one way of making real-time risk prognosis and record measurement.
- Developing a System Security Planning Policy. System reports can serve as a base for setting plans and policies in motion.
- Senior agency accreditation and certification. It’s much easier to get businesses accredited and certified when a smart computer software does all of the work for you and all you need to think of is how to set the proper commands.
- Monitoring of the FISMA access control compliance. Most electronic access control systems provide detailed log monitoring reports with varied outputs. These are usually sufficient to support key certification requirements.
No doubt, advanced electronic web-based or smartphone-supported access control tools is an efficient way of making the mechanics behind the NIST list of standards work well. Briefly said, FISMA compliance can be executed from a single or multiple points of authority, implementing complex security controls according to the imminent risk assessment levels.
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